Existence of a third radiation belt registered with STEP-F in 2009 confirmed by two NASA probes >> Karazin University

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March 5, 2013

Existence of a third radiation belt registered with STEP-F in 2009 confirmed by two NASA probes


On February 28, 2013 in their press release No. 13-065 NASA announced about the discovery of a new radiation belt around the Earth. The discovery was made during the mission from two Van Allen Probes: Van Allen Probe A and Van Allen Probe B. The probes called after the scientist who was the first to discover inner and outer radiation belts were put into the near-Earth elliptic orbit with a small inclination on August 30, 2012. NASA press release states that both satellites found a previously unknown third radiation belt around the Earth.

However, STEP-F, designed and produced by specialists from V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University on the state order of the National Space Agency of Ukraine, clearly observed the three-belt structure still in 2009 aboard the Russian spacecraft “KORONAS-FOTON” (also known as "CORONAS-PHOTON"). The characteristics of the radiation belts including the newly discovered one are published in scientific journals “Space Science and Technology” (2010) and “Astronomic Bulletin” (2012) during numerous reports at scientific seminars including the extended scientific report at the meeting of the Space Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on June 27, 2012.

For reference. Satellite Telescope for measuring electrons and protons STEP-F was designed, produced and tested by specialists of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. In 2009 during the international experiment “KORONAS-FOTON” studying solar activity and solar-earth connections the device collected a great deal of scientific information including data on registration of three radiation belts of the Earth due to the original spectrometer construction

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