The history of the department begins from the establishment of Kharkiv University in 1805. The department of theoretical and experimental physics was one of the subdivisions of the branch of physical and mathematical sciences.
Long ago such famous scientists and lectures as O.I. Stoykovych, V.S. Komlishyns`kyi, V.I. Lapshyn, Y.I. Morozov, O.R. Shymkov, A.K. Pohrelko, M.D. Pyl`chykov, A.P. Hruzyntsev, D.A. Rozhanskyi were heads of the department.
If in 1805 the department counted 4 persons (head, his assistant – junior assistant, overseer and tool master, then in 1916 it counted 13 co-workers.
Physical science upturn in Kharkiv University began from its renewal in 1933. The first head of the department and dean of physics and mathematics school in 1935 became Full Professor A.V. Zhelikhovskyi. 1936 at the head of the department was young Full Professor Landau who studied the course of general physics and began to develop and read his famous course in theoretical physics.
1940 the department of general physics separated from the department of experimental physics.
Beginning from 1950-1960 the most powerful at the physics school that counted 6 departments was the department of experimental physics.
Further the work of the department was governed by academician K.D. Synel`nykov, corresponding member V.H. Khotkevych, academician B.I. Verkin, Full Professor Andronov. From 2001 Full Professor Lebedev V.P. (the dean of physics school in1993-2005) held an appointment of the head of the department.
Opening and formation of the Physics and Technics institute of low temperatures promoted separation in 1779 a specialization of physicist of low temperatures into an independent organization – department of physics of low temperatures. Now the structure of department consists of school, research team, testing laboratory, auxiliary personnel.
School of the department
Testing lab consists of 7 persons with Valiyov Borys Mykhaylovych at its head.
The department does the great amount of work (lectures and seminar lessons, laboratory works) that is connected with a teaching of fundamental course of study – “general physics” for students of the 1st-3d years of study from the schools of physics and mathematics type: physics and radiophysics schools. Acquiring of theoretical statements by students is confirmed by obtaining the skills of experimental work at physical practical works in all parts of the course.
Enumeration of parts that form a normative course in “general physics”:
Basic trends of methodical and scientific researches of the department: